Open Space

Bamboo rising

Five years after it was implemented, the Forest Rights Act finally takes root. Communities across the country rush to claim rights over forests and their produce, particularly bamboo. But they face a double challenge: the forest bureaucracy refuses to help communities prepare forest management plans, and contractors manipulate the market for their benefit. Is this the new battle in implementation of the Act? Richard Mahapatra from Odisha and Kumar Sambhav Shrivastava from Maharashtra unfold the plot:

Nobody in Loyendi village keeps track of time. But for its 150-odd residents, December 7, 2012, is a day to remember. “It is our independence day,” says village elder Petra Kanhara. On this day, the village in Odisha’s Kandhamal district got community right over 20 mountains full of forests under the Forest Rights Act (FRA). “Now, the forests and their produces are rightfully ours,” he smiles. Till now, paper mills had exclusive access to the vast bamboo resources the mountains have.

Back in 1967, people of Loyendi, most belonging to the Kondh tribe, became encroachers on their own land when the Odisha government declared the surrounding forest as reserve forest. The government had abandoned them, they felt and wondered why the forest they worshiped so ardently was being snatched away from them.

FRA, introduced in 2006, proved to be the gamechanger. Its two provisions turned the story around. The Act gives communities the right to protect and manage forests under traditional use. It also allows communities to own, manage and sell bamboo, which it calls a minor forest produce. FRA recognises rights for settlement and farming in forest areas, and community rights over minor forest produce. In 2009, all the residents of Loyendi got individual settlement rights.

The turnaround was not easy. The community had to fight an intense battle with the mighty forest bureaucracy, and a paper mill major employed exclusively by the Orissa Forest Development Corporation (OFDC) to procure bamboo from these forests.

Loyendi residents worked in these forests as bamboo cutters, earning Rs 30 in a day. The paper mill, on the other hand, was procuring bamboo at throwaway prices—Rs 180 for a tonne, or 2,400 metres, of bamboo. At the local market, one metre fetches Rs 20. The forests sustain the domestic needs of 25 other villages, besides helping close to 1,000 artisans.

“Years of bamboo harvesting by the paper mill had depleted the forests. We were looking for an opportunity to protect them while earning from them,” says resident Bal- krishna Kanhara.

But even in 2011, five years after FRA was implemented, nobody knew about its provisions. The forest bureaucracy opposed FRA and took no step to popularise it. The campaign by non-profit Vasundhara to sensitise the community on FRA worked to people’s benefit. “The first thing we decided to do was stop the paper mill from taking away bamboo from the forests,” says Binayak Kanhara, president of the forest rights committee, the nodal body to implement the Act in the village.

On January 25, 2011, the gram sabha wrote to the divisional forest officer (DFO), saying it was illegal for the paper mill to cut the bamboo. The DFO shot back, saying there was no official recognition of the village’s community right under FRA. A heated exchange of letters ensued. The forest department argued it had the right to allow harvesting in the forest until the community right was claimed and recognised. “The paper mill officials tried to bribe me. When I refused, they threatened me of physical harm,” says village sarpanch Bishnu Charan Malik who has been instrumental in getting community rights to many villages in his panchayat.

On January 31, the gram sabha wrote to the state-level monitoring committee of FRA, which is headed by the state chief secretary. After this, the response was smooth: forest officials came to Loyendi. After a four-hour discussion, government ordered the paper mill to stop harvesting bamboo. The paper mill winded up in a hurry, leaving behind some 40,000 clumps of bamboo. In February, the village was drafting its community forest right (CFR) claim. Loyendi became the first village in the state to get its community claim title over customary forests by using the traditional tribal system of forest demarcation called sandhi.

Loyendi’s message

The message from this unheard of village now echoes in Kandhamal’s forests, covering close to 90 per cent of the district’s area. Step into any patch of forest here, one will find a community that owns and manages it. Of the 2,415 villages, 1,907 have got CFR over 57,880 hectares of forests, the highest in the country.

Within months, seven villages near Loyendi managed to stop the paper mill from harvesting bamboo. Another 25 understood the importance of FRA which gives people the right to own, manage and sell bamboo. Bamboo cutting almost stopped in the district. The state’s chief conservator of forests rushed to the villages and requested people to allow bamboo harvesting, but the people refused. The paper mill had to withdraw from the district in March 2012.

“The surge in demand for this right is dominantly community-driven,” says Jitendra Kumar Sahoo of Vasundhara. “We expect some 10,000 CFR claims the next year,” says Santosh Sarangi, commissioner, tribal affairs. “Community right is a great economic and livelihood incentive,” he adds. People couldn’t agree with him more.

Bamboo is an incentive for local communities. “Whether we sell it or we don’t is another matter. That bamboo has become our resource is reason enough for villages to claim community right over forest,” says Rabindra Kanhar, resident of Priedi village, the second village in Odisha’s Kandhamal to get CFR.

“Within a year of getting the right, there is significant inflow of money to the community. Remember, we have not abused the forest,” says Trinath Patra, president of Kalahandi Jungle Mancha, a district-level federation of forest-dwelling people. Jamguda in Kalahandi was the first village in Odisha to get community rights over 49.7 ha of forests, in 2010. Jamguda came into prominence in June 2012 when forest officials stopped Member of Parliament Bhakta Charan Das from taking away a few pieces of the first harvest of bamboo from the village.

Now as bamboo flowers, Jamguda’s gram sabha has taken up selective harvesting. Bamboo is of no use once it flowers. “Within six months, Jamguda has earned Rs 20,000 from selling bamboo locally. The forest department still does not allow transport of bamboo outside the village,” says Nilambar Patra, president of forest rights committee.

With the forest under community control, life revolves around it. For the first time the village has its own development fund. “This is how community control over forest will unfold: development without destruction,” says Das.

Rush for bamboo

People are proactive in asserting their community forest rights (CFRs) in nine bamboo-rich states. Campaigns are on to get control over forests.

The fight remains

In many villages gram sabhas prove they can manage forests and their resources well, but there are challenges ahead.

It’s not just communities living in the forested areas of Odisha that are excited about managing their own forests. There has been a surge in claims across the country ever since April 2011, when Jairam Ramesh, the then environment minister, gave transit passes to the people of Mendha Lekha to transport bamboo. Mendha Lekha in Maharashtra was the first to get community forest rights (CFR) in 2009. Between April 2011 and November 2012, about 14,000 claims have been made.

But the village could exercise its right after a long battle with the forest bureaucracy. The forest department had conveniently misinterpreted the definition of minor forest produce (MFP) under the Forest Rights Act (FRA).

It said people had the right over MFP, which includes the lucrative bamboo and tendu, but could not use them to make monetary gains.

A change in forest regime is happening in bamboo forests, which is the world’s largest. Bamboo occupies 13 million hectares of India’s forested area, Forest Survey of India estimates.

The total bamboo growing stock is about 169 million tonnes. According to the Planning Commission, the country’s domestic bamboo economy is worth Rs 2,043 crore. By 2015, it will reach Rs 26,000 crore.

In September 2012, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs amended the Forest Rights Act (FRA) rules after several campaigns pointed out its ambiguity. FRA did not specify how villages would manage forests after CFR was granted.

The new rules give gram sabhas the authority to issue transit passes and prepare conservation and management plans for forest resources after their rights over the resources are recognised. It mandates that the administration cannot arbitrarily reject forest rights claims. All villages with forest-dwellers must get forest rights related to protection, regeneration and management of community forest resources.

Now that many villages have received CFR, people have evolved fascinating village-level forest management plans. Villages of Odisha and Maharashtra have already enforced management plans for forests. Loyendi, Priedi and Jamguda in Odisha have taken up community-driven forest fire control activities. Mendha Lekha has collaborated with the government to transfer the rural development fund directly to its gram sabha for watershed development in bamboo forests. Pachgaon in Chandrapur district has its own management plan. “This will revive forest communities’ traditional practices,” says Bhubaneswar-based forest rights activist Sudhanshu Sekhar Deo.

Transfer of authority

“Now that rules have been clarified we expect community to assert its right,” says V Kishore Chandra S Deo, Union Minister of Tribal Affairs.

But people have tough challenges ahead. First, most bamboo forests have paper mills as captive market. In fact, government has drafted policies that favour paper mills. In Odisha, 98 per cent of the extracted bamboo goes to paper mills. In Maharashtra, 66 per cent of the bamboo forests are controlled by just one paper mill. Sixty per cent of the bamboo in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are supplied to paper mills. The rest is auctioned for commercial purpose. “The challenge for the community is to look for a captive market as big as paper mills. I don’t think paper mills will come to the community because prices will definitely go up,” says Santosh Sarangi, commissioner, tribal affairs.

Second, communities, which have no government support, are not well equipped to handle this new business. And lurking around are stakeholders ready to manipulate the market.

Murky business

In the only district trying to do business in bamboo in the new regime, manipulative stakeholders are all out to claim their share. On December 25, Down To Earth secretly recorded an unusual meeting on the outskirts of Gadchiroli in Maharashtra. Bamboo contractor V K Anand was addressing 200-odd people: “Tendu market has crashed to an all-time low this year. The rates have fallen to half in many states. Do not worry if you do not get a good price. Rates keep fluctuating. You can make up for the loss in the coming years.” Anand tells them about a new auction mechanism for tendu leaves, also a minor forest produce, as people listen to him stupefied.

“We have done it for bamboo. We will do it for tendu, too,” Anand ends his speech gaining people’s confidence. Within no time, he orchestrates a 10-member committee which will auction tendu leaves on behalf of more than 115 villages. Soon, a leading regional newspaper publishes a tender notice under Anand’s name inviting bids for advance sale of tendu leaves from these villages. The notice states that gram sabhas of these villages have authorised him to do so.

Legal experts say only a gram sabha committee can perform functions related to management and sale of forest produce. No one outside the gram sabha can be a member of this committee.

Following strong reactions, on January 5 people saw two notices in the morning newspapers—a public notice by the deputy conservator of forests of Vadsa division, and a modified version of the tender notice.

The public notice asked people not to get “misguided” by an “unauthorised person” who was misusing FRA for personal monetary gains. The modified tender notice this time authorised Hiraman Warkhede, a former MLA, to perform the auctioning. Warkhede had earlier led the fight for CFR in many of these 115-odd villages. He defends Anand, saying, “We take decisions for all the villages as a federation of gram sabhas. Anand is helping us in the process as an adviser.” Anand tried to clear his name, saying trade in tendu leaves is not his business. “I am helping people exercise their rights.”

Here lies the catch. While the contractor claims to have no business interest in tendu leaves, he is quite interested in the bamboo of these villages. “The contractor is eying bamboo of these villages in the guise of tendu deal,” says an agent who trades in forest produce in the region. “Anand is enticing people to be loyal to him so that he can monopolise the bamboo trade.”

The bamboo contractor shifted from Madhya Pradesh to Gadchiroli in 2011 when Mendha Lekha got its community forest rights title. In the absence of other buyers, the village directly sold all its bamboo to Anand. The next year, six villages harvested bamboo. All of it was bought by Anand. While Mendha Lekha sold bamboo through competitive bidding and got a price higher than last year, the other five villages sold bamboo without tenders on Mendha Lekha rates.

Some activists feels people were misguided. “The contractor colluded with a few village leaders to strike the deal. Had people opted for tenders they would have earned much more,” says an activist who did not wish to be named. When Down To Earth visited some of these villages, it found people were not aware of the profits their gram sabha had made from bamboo sales.

“Gram sabhas did not want to sell bamboo through tender because they think it is a problematic process,” says Anand. Vajirao Usendi, village leader of Rekhatola, went a step ahead and said law prohibits auctioning of bamboo.

Anand foresees a promising business future in Maharashtra where villages are making a beeline to claim CFR. Till now, 786 of the 1,600 villages in Gadchiroli have got their forest rights recognised.

Of the 115 villages Anand is helping auction tendu leaves, bamboo will be harvested in 15.

Anand claims he is still negotiating with people for bamboo trade, but village leaders say at least three gram sabhas have already agreed to sell bamboo to him.

Deaf to people’s calls

“Trade is new for us,” says Shivaji Narote, resident of Marda, the first village to get community forest right title along with Mendha Lekha. “We wanted to study the prices and the entire tender process before getting into the trade,” he says.

But when the gram sabha wrote to the district administration in March, 2012, to guide them on sale, purchase, rates and tender process of bamboo, it, characteristically, did not respond. So people reached an agreement with Anand to sell him the bamboo. When they geared up to begin harvesting, another hurdle came their way. The forest department had given CFR title for the compartment they were planning to harvest to the neighbouring Jhillar village as well. People of both the villages wrote to the forest department asking for demarcation of territories, but the department took no action.

Even as people of the two villages were staking claim over bamboo, a third claimant emerged. In February 2012, the country’s largest paper manufacturer, Ballarpur Industries, started felling in the forest without consulting the people of Marda. In 1968, the Maharashtra government had leased most of its bamboo to Ballarpur Industries. In November 2011, the forest department gave the paper mill permission to fell bamboo in all the patches ready for harvest. This included many villages which had received community forest rights. People of Marda wrote to the forest department to stop the paper mill from felling in their forest. When the department did not respond, people forced the paper mill workers to stop the felling and seized the harvested bamboo from the paper mill.

Despite this extraordinary feat, the village could not sell the bamboo because the contractor did not come to collect it. “We had asked Anand to buy the bamboo that we had seized from the paper mill as well. But he refused, saying it was of poor quality. He also kept delaying the harvest till the rainy season. The gram sabha had to finally cancel the agreement,” says Ramesh Koram, secretary of Marda gram sabha.

Apart from Mendha Lekha, at least 10 villages were issued transit passes to harvest and sell bamboo. Of these, only five managed harvesting. The rest ended up relinquishing their rights to Ballarpur Industries. All these villages had sought the district administration’s help to harvest and trade bamboo. When the administration did not respond, people stepped back. Sources say there was pressure from Maoists to allow the paper mill to harvest bamboo. Marda faced similar pressure but stood firm in exercising its right to stop the mill from felling its bamboo.

That year, the paper mill harvested a large quantity of bamboo, says an activist. “Fearing it might not be allowed to harvest in community forests from the next year, the paper mill cleared the forest, leaving no scope for regeneration,” he says.

After protests from civil society, the district collector issued an order in April last year cancelling all government leases and contracts in CFR areas. But this has not improved the situation. In Korchi and Kurkheda tehsils of Gadchiroli many villages had refrained from harvesting last year. “None has taken any step to harvest this year either,” says Keshav Gurnule of non-profit Shrusti.

“Last year, it was the paper mill and the contractors. This year it could be just contractors,” says a source in the government. Nothing here happens without support or pressure from Maoists, he says.

“Not all gram sabhas are as empowered as Mendha Lekha which withstood all kinds of pressure to manage its forests with utmost transparency,” says Devaji Tofa, community leader of Mendha Lekha.

Meanwhile, Marda, along with Karsi, Suimara and Jhillar villages, has written many letters to government officials seeking guidance on bamboo trade, but got no response.

District collector Abhishek Krishna expressed ignorance about the letters. “It is difficult to address these issues in each village,” he says.

The forest department’s strategic silence smacks of conspiracy, says Mohan Hirabai Hiralal of non-profit Vrikshmitra.

It conveniently evades responsibility to help villages harvest and trade minor forest produces, and is accumulating cases to show that gram sabhas cannot manage forests, he says.

Time to find solutions

Ambiguity in FRA had made it easy for the administration and the forest department to wriggle out of responsibility. “Most villages received titles when FRA rules were not amended and there was no clarity on community forest rights,” says Sanjay Upadhyay, lawyer and legal consultant to the ministry of tribal welfare on FRA. Many did not even form committees to protect and manage community forest resources. Issues of rights and responsibilities of gram sabhas were not touched, he says. Amendment has not cleared the confusion totally.

There are issues that still need to be solved, says Ashish Kothari of non-profit Kalpavriksh. It must be found how gram sabhas can ensure equity and sustainability in forest management. Besides, the district administration must take responsibility when people seek help in the new trade. “In none of the rules or guidelines is there any mention of the forest department’s role,” he says.

The administration, on the other hand, is seeking an easy but flawed way out. “It is essential that the forest department is engaged in the entire process,” says Abhishek Krishna, district collector of Gadchiroli. “If a forest guard is made a member of the gram sabha committee, he can guide the gram sabha on sustainable management. The administration can make the forest guard accountable if anything is amiss. The gram sabha can also introduce a talathi (revenue staff) or a gram sevak in place of forest guards,” he says.

“But that would be illegal,” says Madhu Sarin of non- profit Campaign for Survival and Dignity. “Law does not provide for anyone other than a gram sabha member to be part of its committee”.

“Even if the forest guard, who is at the lowest level of the machinery, enters in the committees, he will have most of the control. This is what happened in Joint Forest Management,” adds Kothari.

The forest department should work as an advisory body to the gram sabha and provide technical inputs the way the agriculture department helps farmers. The environment ministry should issue a circular in this regard, Kothari says.

Upadhyay informs that as per FRA gram sabha can complain to the state-level monitoring committee if any government department does not cooperate with it. The committee will have to respond within 60 days, he says.

This season, be it in Loyendi or in Marda, communities are expecting their rights reaffirmed and economic condition improved. It has taken more than 150 years to right the wrongs done to the forest communities. They cannot afford another round of government apathy. “It is better late than never,” says activist Sudhanshu Sekhar Deo. “But it should not be so late that we miss the opportunity.”

Source: Down to Earth

Wildlife, tribal affairs ministries spar over bamboo rule

A new rule that gives preference to forest dwellers over wildlife has sparked off a tiff between two Union ministries.

The forest bureaucracy of the environment ministry has raised the alarm over a new rule notified by the tribal affairs ministry, which allows the gram sabha – a body of villagers – to regulate bamboo harvesting.

The environment ministry has said such a move would sound the death knell for Indian wildlife, including tigers and elephants.

The forest department of the state governments had been regulating harvesting of bamboo since 1927, when the Indian Forest Act was notified. However, the power was transferred to the gram sabha under the new Forest Rights Act in September.

Unlike the Indian Forest Act, which categorised bamboo under timber and therefore stipulated regulation by the government, the new law described it as minor forest produce.

Around 13.96 million hectares – or one-fifth of the country’s forest area – accommodates bamboo trees. Besides being a principal source of food for elephants and some ungulates, it provides cover to terrestrial birds, reptiles and small mammals.

The main area of concern of the forest bureaucracy is a new rule that does not provide for any limitation on how much bamboo can be harvested, and talks only of its management plan.

“It is a recipe for ecological disaster,” said a senior Indian Forest Service official, adding that it would increase human-animal conflict and reduce green cover for wildlife.

Secretary environment T Chatterjee and Director General of Forests PJ Dalip Kumar had suggested a restriction saying that naturally fallen bamboo should be declared minor forest produce for locals to harvest.

Remaining bamboo should remain under the control of the Forest Departments, they said in an official communication to the environment minister Jayanthi Natarajan.

Many wildlife activists agree with the concern raised by IFS officers. According to them, the extraction of bamboo on such a scale – without a proper scientific analysis of its ecological repercussions – cannot be supported.

They want the rules to be amended to include sufficient safeguards, including the declaration of only pre-harvested bamboo as minor forest produce and not making the rules applicable to 600 protected areas – including tiger and elephant reserves.

The tribal affairs ministry, however, ruled out any change by saying that the new rules have been notified after consultation with various stakeholder ministries. Forest rights activists say that the forest bureaucracy has deprived local forest dwellers of their traditional rights.

“Indian forests have survived because of those living inside them, not because of foresters,” said a tribal right activist.

“The time has come to give the poor their due.”

Source: Hindustan Times

Demand for classifying bamboo as ‘grass’ not ‘tree’

Guwahati/Dimapur: The Centre for Civil Society (CCS) and the South Asia Bamboo Foundation (SABF) urged the Centre to look into the bureaucratic and institutional hurdles in removing bamboo, which is a grass, from the ‘tree’ classification under the forest law.

The demand came during the celebration of World Bamboo Day on Tuesday at New Delhi. The CCS, in collaboration with SABF, celebrated the day with an aim to ensure sustainable utilisation of natural resources, promote new cultivation of bamboo for industries in the country and promote its traditional uses for community economic development.

The Planning Commission estimates that bamboo cultivation and related industries could provide employment to nearly 50 million people.

SABF executive director and former president of the World Bamboo Organisation, Kamesh Salam, said, “The classification of bamboo as a tree instead of a grass is the main cause for the lack of development of bamboo in the country. The Union ministry of environment and forests is standing in the way of making the lives of millions of bamboo growers and tribals better by cultivating bamboo.”

He said, “While the legislative hurdles seem to have been cleared, bureaucratic and institutional hurdles need to be removed.”

Even the Kohima Declaration, which was passed on World Bamboo Day 2010, lays down specific measures to help realise the goal of a robust but equity-oriented bamboo industry in India, he added.

Meanwhile, Nagaland chief minister Neiphiu Rio on Tuesday underlined the importance of bamboo as a resource and called upon entrepreneurs to bank on the ‘green gold’ and avail all opportunities available to them set up bamboo-based businesses. Inaugurating the World Bamboo Day in Dimapur, Rio said, “We have the best resource centre here, the facilities for technology sourcing and dissemination, capacity building, skill upgrade etc.”


Bureaucratic & institutional hurdles need to be removed to free Bamboo

New Delhi, Sept 19: Centre for Civil Society (CCS) in collaboration with South Asia Bamboo Foundation (SABF) celebrated World Bamboo Day yesterday. The objective of this celebration was to ensure sustainable utilization of natural resources, to promote new cultivation of bamboo for industries in India and to promote its traditional uses for community economic development. On this occasion CCS and SABF urged to reform bureaucratic and institutional hurdles in India and to remove Bamboo as ‘tree’ under forest laws. The Planning Commission estimates that it could provide employment to nearly 50 million people, particularly among the poorest forest-dependent communities.

On this occasion, Founder and Executive Director, South Asia Bamboo Foundation and Former President World Bamboo Organization  Kamesh Salam said, “the issue of bamboo being a grass and not a tree is the main cause for the lack of development of bamboo in the country. Thee Ministry of Environment and Forests is standing in the way of making the lives of millions of bamboo growers and tribals better by accessing bamboo. This policy change is immediately needed for the growth of bamboo country.”

He further added, “While the legislative hurdles seem to have been cleared, bureaucratic and institutional hurdles need to be removed. Our efforts would now be towards the effective implementation of the objectives envisioned in the new and changed laws and policies.” Even the Kohima Declaration which was passed on World Bamboo Day 2010 lays down specific measures which will help to realise a goal of a robust but equity-oriented bamboo industry in India” says Salam.


Bill in LS to protect rights of street vendors

A bill to protect the rights of street vendors and regulate street vending activities was introduced in the Lok Sabha today amid opposition uproar over coal block allocation.

The Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha by Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Kumari Selja.

As per the provisions of the Bill, anyone over 14 years can register with the Town Vending Committee. The Committee will issue identity cards to vendors to carry out business in alloted vending zones.

The bill will also help the authorities to regulate hawking activities in public areas such as pavements and roads.

The Bill, pushed by Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council (NAC), is aimed at protecting livelihood rights and social security of street vendors and regulation of urban street vending in the country and ensuring uniformity in legal framework for street vending across states and UTs.

The measure also provides for setting up of vending zones for hawkers to sell their products with minimal restrictions and without fear of being fined by municipal authorities for vending in unauthorised areas.

The Bill seeks to empower local authorities to relocate street vendors if they cause nuisance or obstruct movement of general public after issuing a seven-day notice.

Every street vendor who fails to relocate or vacate the site alloted to him after the expiry of the notice period shall be liable to pay a daily penalty of up to Rs 500 as may be determined by the local authority.


Bill shield for street vendors

New Delhi, Aug. 18: The Union cabinet has given its nod to a bill that aims to regulate street vendors and protect them from harassment with the onus on governments to help them access social security schemes.

Approved yesterday, the Street Vendors (Protection and Promotion of Livelihood) Bill is likely to be tabled during the ongoing Parliament session.

The cabinet’s nod comes around three years after the ministry of housing and urban poverty alleviation floated a Model Street Vendor’s (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Bill. The idea then was states would formulate their own laws based on this model bill.

This was five years after a policy on street vendors had been first floated during the NDA regime in 2004. But state governments were slow to react.

Last year, the National Advisory Committee, headed by Congress chief Sonia Gandhi, asked the government to come up with a Union law instead of a model bill.

Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh have since drafted municipal bylaws, while Rajasthan and Jharkhand recently passed their own laws on street vendors based on the 2009 model bill.

The Bengal government has been working on the bill too but had voiced reservations on its financial implications. “The Bengal government had stated that the bill would be difficult to implement as it entails spending a sizeable amount by state governments. We had told central assistance is available for street vendors under various schemes,” said a senior official of the housing and poverty alleviation ministry.

According to the bill, anyone 18 and above who intends to make a living as a street vendor has to apply for registration to a town vending committee. Children who are 14 and above can assist in the vending.

The application will have to be processed by municipal officials within a specified time. If they don’t, the applicant can be deemed as registered.

The bill also specifies that no application will be summarily rejected. Applicants will be given a chance to take care of the deficiencies in their applications.

According to the proposed legislation, municipalities will have to identify vending zones and allot space to vendors. They cannot reject an application citing lack of space. In case of lack of space, the bill has a provision for night bazaars, too.

The bill says each municipality should have a town vending committee, which should be the apex body for local street vendors. About 40 per cent of this committee will have to be street vendors.

The body will have to formulate terms and conditions, maintain records and a database about the vendors and conduct periodic surveys on them.

The bill says state governments will be responsible for providing soft loans, insurance and health care to the vendors, apart from organising training programmes to help them develop technical and business skills.


BIS finalizes standards for street food vendors

“Readily accessible and affordable to urban populations, street food provides the energy and nutrient needs to large segments of workers and their families in the cities. This sector is also a source of livelihood for a large number of people. Hence the standard developed by BIS has immense potential to safeguard public health and also promote the confidence of the consumer over the entire spectrum of food industry,” said Thomas.

Thomas was addressing National Seminar on “Food Safety – Role of Standards” in Mumbai on Monday. The seminar was organized with objective of creating awareness and to provide an insight into the concept of food safety with emphasis on the role of standards.

Stressing over safety of food and quality, the Minister said that as awareness regarding food safety issues among our citizens and concerns bout the hazards in food is showing an upward trend, the need to provide them with greater assurance about the safety and quality of food is also growing.

“Role of standards in the domain of food safety is immense. Standards promote public health and protect consumers from unsanitary, unwholesome, mislabelled or adulterated food; and provide a sound regulatory foundation for domestic and international trade in food,” Thomas said.

He said that in this background, the role of BIS, the National standards body of India is significant.BIS has also formulated about 1000 Indian Standards in the area of food products and food safety.

This includes IS/ISO 22000: 2005 ‘Food Safety Management Systems – Requirements for any organization in the food chain’. IS/ISO 22000: 2005 is an internationally harmonized standard and has emerged as the international bench mark for food safety.

Thomas said that similarly, the three Indian Standards recently formulated by BIS, Indian Standards on Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), Good Hygienic Practices (GHP) and Food Retail Management (FRM) are also important in this respect as they are envisaged to act as foundations of Food Safety Management System.

“They delineate the basic conditions and activities that are necessary to maintain a hygienic environment throughout the food chain suitable for the production, handling and provision of safe end products for human consumption. He expressed hope that Implementation of these food safety standards can lead to exceptional improvements in food safety performance,” he said.


4824 own cycle rickshaws under MP CM’s Cycle Rickshaw Pullers Welfare Scheme

Bhopal, June 04: (Pervez Bari) So far, 4,824 cycle rickshaw pullers have become owners of cycle rickshaws in Madhya Pradesh under Mukhyamantri Cycle Rickshaw Chalak Kalyan Yojna.

According to Urban Administration & Development Minister Mr. Babulal Gaur, 14 thousand 29 cycle rickshaw pullers have been identified and given identity cards in all the 50 districts of the state. Of these, cases of 8,107 beneficiaries have been prepared and sent to banks. The banks have provided cycle rickshaws to 4,824 beneficiaries so far. Maximum 1021 cycle rickshaw pullers have become owners of cycle rickshaws in Jabalpur district followed by 390 in Chhindwara, 302 in Katni, 282 in Sheopur, 279 in Vidisha, 269 in Seoni, 247 in Chhatarpur, 226 in Rewa and 206 in Balaghat.

It may be mentioned a Panchayat of cycle rickshaw and handcart pullers was called at the initiative of the state Chief Minister Mr. Shivraj Singh Chouhan in the year 2009. The Chief Minister’s Cycle Rickshaw Pullers’ Welfare Scheme-2009 was launched on the basis of decisions taken at that Panchayat. Under the scheme, financial assistance is made available to beneficiaries under Swarn Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojna to help them become owners of their own cycle rickshaws.

Under the scheme, per unit cost of cycle rickshaw is fixed at Rs.10,000. Besides the 25 per cent subsidy under Swarn Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojna, the State Government provides additional 25 percent subsidy to every beneficiary under the scheme. If any family member dies, family of cycle rickshaw puller is provided Rs. two thousand for performing last rites. Amount equivalent to six weeks labour charges as per collector rate is given for maternity assistance and by way of paternity leave, father is given amount equivalent to 15 days’ labour charges as per provisions of the scheme.

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